Example sentences for: activating

How can you use “activating” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • The Tat-responsive region (TAR) of HIV-1 exhibits a trans-inhibitory effect on translation by activating the interferon-induced 68-kilodalton protein kinase.

  • With the description of lymphocyte-derived growth factor activities in the 1960s and 1970s, it was realized that activated lymphocytes secrete soluble factors that are critical for subsequent lymphocyte proliferation [ 2 3 ] . Moreover, in 1967 it was demonstrated that monocytes or macrophages serve as necessary accessory cells for the lymphocyte activation process [ 4 ] . Then, in the early 1970s several reports indicated that mitogen- or endotoxin-stimulated macrophages release soluble lymphocyte activating factors (LAFs) that also amplify the activation process [ 5 6 ] . Accordingly, lymphokines and monokines, which collectively came to be known as cytokines, became prime research subjects for those interested in lymphocyte activation [ 7 8 ] . However, it was not until the 1980s that the cell surface and soluble molecules responsible for the complex cellular changes of lymphocyte activation were identified.

  • Functionally, these cells are no longer capable of activating ERK 1 or 2 in response to 10 ng/ml EGF (Figure), whereas this concentration produces a strong effect in non-pretreated cells.

  • CTLA-4 may transduce an activating signal to CD4 +CD25 +regulatory T cells [ 2 ] . Although we did not detect any significant decrease in numbers of the CD4 +CD25 +regulatory T cells between proteoglycan-immunized BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice, this might be due to reduced expression of CTLA-4 in the CD4 +CD25 +regulatory T cells from proteoglycan-immunized BALB/c mice.

  • PMA, a phorbol ester, activates PKC and has previously been shown to activate SL-1 [ 40 ] . It appears that mesothelin is activated by Wnt-1, which can be mimicked by LiCl, and that SL-1 is activated by Wnt-5a in a beta-catenin-independent manner, which can be mimicked by activating PKC.

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