Example sentences for: adrenal

How can you use “adrenal” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • [ 9 ] . Sham adrenalectomy entailed the same procedure as adrenalectomy, except that the adrenal glands were grasped but not removed.

  • Chloride channels or chloride ions are known to influence cAMP-stimulated steroidogenesis by adrenal cells [ 29 ] , human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-stimulated steroidogenesis by amphibian follicle-enclosed oocytes [ 56 ] , as well as LH-stimulated steroidogenesis in rat Leydig cells [ 29 ] , MA-10 cells [ 59 ] , and chicken GC [ 35 ] . In mammalian cells, removal of extracellular chloride stimulates basal and protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent steroid hormone production by increasing the expression of StAR and potentiating the effects of submaximal concentrations of cAMP [ 29 59 ] . The proposed mechanism of action involves chloride efflux, depolarization of the mitochondrial and plasma membranes, and alterations to protein synthesis and cholesterol transport [ 29 59 ] .

  • The nonseptic group included eight patients with intra-abdominal disease (five with decompensated cirrhosis, three with acute pancreatitis), one patient with adrenal insufficiency, and four patients with unclear etiologies for hypotension and low SVR (idiopathic).

  • In addition, the maternal GC surge effectively leads to fetal glycogen accumulation in the liver for energy demands at birth, increased fetal bioavailable tri-iodothyronine from thyroxine to allow for an increased metabolic rate and thermogenesis required at birth, maturation of the fetal small gut to prepare for digestion, heightened fetal adrenal medullar catecholamine release for control of the above processes, maturation of fetal kidney function and a switch to bone marrow hematopoiesis from the fetal liver [reviewed by [ 41 ] ]. The timing of this maternal surge suggests that LIFR function is required at this point in development as a moderator of the consequences of excess GC level.

  • A number of studies have evaluated possible associations between a polymorphism in the cytochrome P450c17α ( CYP17 ) gene and breast cancer risk [ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 ] . Cytochrome P450c17α functions at key branch points in human steroidogenesis, catalyzing the ovarian and adrenal biosynthesis pathways for androstenedione, the immediate precursor of testosterone [ 17 ] . Three polymorphisms have been described in this gene: a C → T transition at nucleotide 5471 in intron 6 [ 18 ] , a G → A transition at nucleotide 47 in the 5'-untranslated region promoter [ 19 ] , and a thymidine substitution for cytosine at nucleotide 27 in the 5'-untranslated region promoter that creates a Msp AI recognition site [ 20 ] .

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