Example sentences for: adenylate

How can you use “adenylate” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a family of class 3 G protein-coupled receptors with important functions in the regulation of synaptic transmission, plasticity, neuronal excitability, and the regulation sensory transduction [ 1 2 3 4 5 ] . The eight mGluRs (mGluR1-8) and their splice variants have been divided into three groups (I-III) based on sequence homology, pharmacology and G protein coupling profiles [ 3 6 7 ] . Group II (mGluR2 and 3) and III (mGluR4, and 6 through 8) couple negatively to adenylate cyclase through activation of the G i/o family of G proteins [ 8 ] . Group I mGluRs (mGluR1 and 5) couple to multiple G proteins in native and heterologous systems, and have been observed to couple to G q/11 , G i/o and/or G s [ 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ] . mGluRs appear to be important mediators of synaptic transmission in the brain.

  • In vitro experiments with rat GCs have demonstrated that BMP-4 and -7 inhibit and stimulate FSH-induced progesterone and estradiol production, respectively [ 4 ] . In related studies BMP-6 and BMP-15 were found to block FSH action through inhibiting FSH-dependent adenylate cyclase activity and FSH receptor expression, respectively [ 11 12 ] . The importance of these findings is underscored by the fact that FSH action is obligatory for normal folliculogenesis and female fertility.

  • These include: a Hh-protein-blocking antibody, 5E1 [ 23 ] ; a natural product derivative, cyclopamine [ 9 10 ] that has recently been shown to act downstream of Ptc, perhaps at the level of Smo [ 11 ] ; a recently identified synthetic small-molecule inhibitor, Cur61414, which has inhibitory properties similar to cyclopamine [ 17 ] ; and forskolin, an adenylate cyclase/protein kinase A activator that is thought to block Hh signaling by stimulating degradation of members of the Gli family of transcriptional activators [ 2 ] .

  • In particular PPK and PPNK can utilize Poly(P) to synthesize nucleoside polyphosphates, while PPK along with adenylate kinase can carry out polyphosphate-dependent phosphorylation AMP [ 33 34 35 ] . Hence, it is likely that the CYTH domain proteins participate directly in this biochemical network along with these proteins.

  • The adenylate cyclase and associated proteins mentioned above, along with Hsp82p and Hsc82p, activate the cAMP pathway [ 19 ] , a pathway that acts in parallel with the MAPK pathway to promote filamentation.


How many words do you know? Try our free vocabulary size test!


Search

Search for example sentences

Loading Loading...
Quantcast