Example sentences for: acf

How can you use “acf” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • The aortocaval fistula (ACF) [ 18 19 ] was created between the infrarenal abdominal aorta and the adjacent vena cava in male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250-300 g.

  • The clamp was then removed and the vena cava was evaluated for bright red color, an indication of a successful ACF.

  • Blood flow rate (mL/min) in the infra-renal aorta was measured by micro Doppler velocimetry before and immediately after ACF construction and again at the end of the experiment.

  • The study showed that the adaptive enlargement was associated with increased gene expression of TGF-β1 and β3, known as tissue remodeling mediators [ 12 17 29 ] . Gene expression of TGF-β1 and β3 was upregulated at 1 and 3 days and 1 week upon increase in blood flow, while the flow-induced aortic enlargement occurred 2 weeks after ACF creation.

  • Sham operated rats underwent the same surgical procedure except that only the aortic wall was pierced and subsequently closed without ACF construction.


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