Example sentences for: pcd

How can you use “pcd” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • Fluorescent programmed cell death (PCD) assays

  • Based on the observations that: 1. cholesterol oxides cause PCD but the involvement of MAP kinases remains to be investigated; 2. PPARs are important in atherosclerosis but the effect of PPAR activation on cholesterol oxide induced PCD has not been determined, this study was designed to test if a dysregulation of MAP kinases was associated with the cholesterol oxide induced PCD, and to determine if PPAR activation could modulate the cholesterol oxide induced PCD.

  • 15d-PGJ 2 , 15-deoxy-delta 12, 14-PGJ 2 ; AP-1, activator protein-1; ERK, p42/44, Extracellular signal-Regulated Kinase; LDL, low density lipoprotein; MAP kinases, Mitogen-Activated Protein kinases; MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide); PCD, programmed cell death; PPARs, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors; SAPK/JNK, Stress-Activated Protein Kinase/ c-Jun NH2-terminal Kinase.

  • This plasmid, called pCD1 [ 1 ] in Y. pestis , encodes for a type III secretion apparatus necessary for the translocation of effector proteins (Yops) into eukaryotic target cells [ 2 ] . The net result of this polarized toxin translocation is the disruption of eukaryotic cell signalling and structure [ 2 ] . Induction of the virulence-related genes on pCD1 is linked to an in vitro phenomenon termed the Low Calcium Response (LCR).

  • These compounds can activate some nuclear receptors including steroidogenic factor 1 [ 44 ] and LXR, which may be partially responsible for their biological activities [ 45 46 ] . Cholesterol oxides are inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase, the key enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis pathway [ 47 ] . The ability to bind to an intracellular receptor, oxysterol binding protein, may be responsible for their inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis [ 48 49 ] . It should be noted that addition of cholesterol does not prevent cholesterol oxide induced cell death, which leads to the suggestion that inhibition of cholesterol synthesis is not the cause of cholesterol oxide induced PCD [ 50 51 ] . The critical events that result in cholesterol oxide induced cytotoxicity remain to be determined.

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