Example sentences for: inhibits

How can you use “inhibits” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • USF2 inhibits C/EBP-mediated induction of the RIIβ promoter

  • Since there is no evidence that IL-4 directly inhibits IgG2a transcription in B cells, this cytokine very likely suppresses the IFN-γ response, either directly or indirectly.

  • The evidence that adolescent diet may affect the risk of breast cancer derives from several lines of evidence [ 1 ] . Rates of breast cancer among Asian immigrants to the United States do not approach those of US white women until the second or third generation, suggesting that exposures during childhood and adolescence are important in establishing a higher risk of breast cancer [ 2 3 ] . Norwegian women who were adolescents during World War II, when average caloric intake decreased by 22%, have a reduced incidence of breast cancer, suggesting that energy restriction might affect risk [ 4 ] . Similarly, in animal models, energy restriction in the peripubertal period inhibits mammary tissue proliferation and reduces the subsequent risk of mammary tumors [ 5 6 ] . Exposure of rats to carcinogens before first pregnancy increases the incidence of mammary tumors compared with exposure after first pregnancy [ 7 ] . After differentiation of the mammary gland at the time of first full-term pregnancy of the rat, the rate of cell division decreases and length of the cell cycle increases, allowing more time for DNA repair [ 8 ] . This biologic phenomenon might explain the apparent vulnerability of the adolescent breast tissue to carcinogenic exposures.

  • The two flaps fold over the inhibitor to form a tunnel-shaped active site and are held in this close position by hydrogen bonding from Ile50 and Ile50' NH groups of the enzyme to a water molecule, which in turn is hydrogen bonded to the P2 and P1' CO groups of the inhibitor [ 24 ] . The bonding stabilizes the flaps in a closed position and inhibits the activities of the enzyme.

  • Capsaicin's use in the treatment of chronic pain is due to an analgesic effect that is explained by capsaicin's action of depletion of stores of substance P from primary sensory neurons as a consequence of the reduced production of prostaglandin [ 39 60 ] . Capsaicin's antiphlogistic activity is due to the "counter-irritant effect"; which means that a local irritant effect exerts an additional more remote antiinflammatory effect [ 60 ] . This is explained by a liberation of corticoids under the influence of certain cutivisceral reflexes [ 60 ] . The counter-irritant effect on the gastric mucosa also occurs because capsaicin stimulates production of the cytoprotective prostaglandin E 2 [ 60 ] . Capsaicin produces analgesic and antiinflammatory effects because it inhibits both 5-lipoxygenase and cycoloxygenase [ 39 ] . A 10 g human ingestion of red pepper stimulated carbohydrate oxidation [ 62 ] . This may explain why the Chocó Indians used it to give their hunting dogs more "energy" [ 25 ] .

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