Example sentences for: afb

How can you use “afb” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • HIV-infected individuals are highly susceptible to contracting tuberculous infection and are prone to rapid evolution of active disease [ 10 ] . The rate of tuberculosis is high in African Americans and in injection drug users [ 11 ] . Although the prevalence of a positive AFB smear in patients with pulmonary MTB is approximately the same in HIV-infected and noninfected individuals, it may decline in advanced HIV-mediated immunosuppression [ 12 ] . A previous study of 133 HIV-infected adults with pulmonary MTB showed 14% of them had a normal chest radiograph [ 13 ] .

  • In the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, the AFB smear of the sputum was positive in one case, and in another case the AFB smear was positive in his stool sample.

  • Interestingly, in three patients the direct AFB staining in blood was positive, and M. avium was later identified in these blood cultures (Table 3).

  • In the PIP study of predominantly African-American patients, nearly 50% of the MTB isolates had a negative AFB smear, none of the isolates was isoniazid resistant, and 25% of the admissions with MTB respiratory infection had no infiltrate on the initial chest radiograph.

  • At baseline and monthly follow-up visits, patients had a full medical history and physical examination, a complete blood count (Coulter Electronics, Hialeah, Florida, USA), sputum AFB microscopy and culture, chest radiography, and serum β 2 -microglobulin measurement (β 2 -microglobulin enzyme immunoassay (EIA); Coulter, Miami, Florida, USA).

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