Example sentences for: adapter

How can you use “adapter” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • The phosphorylated beta-2 receptor enhances the binding of beta-arrestin, which not only uncouples the receptor from the signal transduction process but also serves as an adapter protein that mediates entry into the internalization pathway [ 5 ] , as well as serving as a platform for additional signaling pathways [ 6 ] . The mechanisms of beta-2 adrenergic receptor down-regulation appear to involve both an increase in the rate of degradation of the receptor as well as a decrease in the levels of beta receptor mRNA [ 7 ] . Down-regulation of the beta-2 receptor is, in part, due to trafficking of the beta-2 receptor to lysosomes via the clathrin-coated pit endosomal pathway [ 8 9 ] .

  • In addition to extending the primer adapter, the 3'-5' exonuclease activity of Klenow should trim 3' polyTs in excess of the 18 bps complementary to the adapter, and allow fill in of the appropriate complementary bases (Fig 1).

  • Studies in budding yeast identified SCF Cdc4p, an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that mediates the ubiquitylation of the CDK inhibitor Sic1p [ 3 4 ] . SCF Cdc4pconsists of at least four proteins: the cullin Cdc53p, the RING domain protein Hrt1p/Rbx1p/Roc1p, the adapter protein Skp1p, and Cdc4p (reviewed in [ 1 ] ). Cdc4p contains two sequence motifs, which are conserved in a wide variety of so-called F-box proteins: C-terminal WD-repeats that are involved in binding the substrate Sic1p in a phosphorylation-dependent manner, and a central F-box [ 5 ] that interacts with Skp1p [ 6 7 ] . Cdc53p in turn binds to Skp1p and Hrt1p/Rbx1p/Roc1p, which bridges Cdc53p with the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Cdc34p/Ubc3p [ 6 8 9 10 11 12 ] . In vitro reconstitution demonstrated that SCF Cdc4p, Cdc34p, E1, ubiquitin, and ATP are sufficient to mediate Sic1p polyubiquitylation [ 6 7 ] .

  • Cloning and sequencing of these PCR products revealed three different DNA sequences, each preceded by a sequence corresponding to the RNA oligonucleotide adapter and thus representing authentic cap sites.

  • The weak JNK phosphorylation in cells expressing kinase inactive Btk:ER, in response to anti-μ or both 4-HT and anti-μ (Fig 3B, lanes 10-11), suggests a partial adapter function for Btk.


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