Example sentences for: acetyl-

How can you use “acetyl-” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • IL-8, MCP-1 and RANTES gene expression are regulated by the redox responsive transcription factor NF-κB [ 18 20 23 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 41 42 43 44 ] . The NF-κB signaling pathways have been shown to be differentially affected by antioxidants and glucocorticoid steroids [ 45 ] . To determine whether RSV and TNFα induction of chemokine expression might be mediated by different NF-κB signaling pathways we pretreated A549 cells with the glutathione precursor N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) or the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX).

  • This uses the building units in the form of activated derivatives, called coenzyme A (CoA) esters, so we speak of acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA, for example.

  • The citramalate pathway for conversion of pyruvate to 2-ketobutyrate involves a carbon-chain elongation mechanism that uses an initial step of condensation with acetyl-CoA, followed by rearrangement, oxidation and elimination of a carbon to produce a keto acid differing from the original substrate by the presence of an additional carbon.

  • If the starter module is not present, the second module defaults to its typical habit of decarboxylating malonyl-CoA to acetyl-CoA and starts the chain with that.

  • Thus, when acetyl-CoA, with two carbon atoms, joins with malonyl-CoA, with three carbons, one of the latter is lost and a chain of four carbon atoms results (Figure 1A).


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