Example sentences for: decarboxylase

How can you use “decarboxylase” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • The 26S proteasome is responsible for the bulk turnover of cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins in eukaryotic cells and also plays a key role in the regulation of cell cycle, signal transduction, transcription as well as antigen presentation [ 17 18 19 20 21 ] . Most of the known proteasomal substrates are marked and targeted to proteasome by ubiquitination [ 17 19 20 ] . Ubiquitination, however, is not an obligatory step for substrate targeting to proteasome [ 17 18 20 ] . The degradation of the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine synthesis, involves a protein named antizyme (Az), which binds and targets ODC to 26S proteasome for degradation [ 18 ] . However, ODC has remained an "orphan" in Az-dependent proteasomal degradation.

  • Az was previously identified as a polyamine-inducible factor that binds and targets the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) to proteasome for degradation [ 18 45 ] . Until now, ODC is the only protein known to be targeted by Az to proteasome, although the existence of additional proteins targeted by Az to proteasome has been suspected [ 20 ] . We now find two new Az interactors: Smad1, the key signal transducer of BMPs, as well as SNIP1, the nuclear repressor of CBP/p300.

  • The mouse gene encoding the 67 kDa isoform of glutamate decarboxylase ( Gad1 ) is expressed in the tail bud mesenchyme, vibrissal placodes, pharyngeal arches and pouches and the apical ectodermal ridge (AER), mesenchyme and ectoderm of the limb buds in mouse embryos from E9.

  • They are: two ubiquitin precursors UBA80 (clone 1) and UBA52 (clone 21), the ornithine decarboxylase antizyme (Az) (clone 15) and the proteasome β subunit HsN3 (clone 18).

  • The best-characterized example of ubiquitin-independent degradation is the degradation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), which is dependent upon ODC interaction with the targeting protein antizyme (Az) [ 18 ] . How ubiquitinated substrates or Az-bound ODC is recognized by the 26S proteasome is not well understood.

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