Example sentences for: pathologies

How can you use “pathologies” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • The tissues were analyzed by a pathologist and found to be morphologically normal and there were no known reproductive problems or medical pathologies that could affect reproductive function.

  • TNFα and TNFβ have been extensively studied and are involved in immune and pro-inflammatory responses, playing an important role in host defenses against infection and other disease states [ 4 5 6 7 ] . The biological effects of TNFα and TNFβ are mediated through the two membrane associated receptors, TNFR1 (p55) and TNFR2 (p75), that are expressed on the target cells [ 8 9 ] . The postulated pathogenic roles for TNF include sepsis and other bacterial and viral pathologies [ 10 11 12 ] , certain cancers [ 13 ] , metastasis [ 14 ] and chronic autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis [ 15 16 ] , multiple sclerosis [ 17 ] and Crohn's disease [ 18 ] . It is worth noting that TNFα mutants have been identified that selectively bind TNFR1.

  • Type IIb pathologies arise from endogenous and exogenous toxins.

  • In summary, in our experiments the in vitro effect of a 1-6 hour exposure to domoic acid on rat neonatal microglia activation and concomitant TNF-α, MMP-9 and O 2 - release was clearly distinct in its magnitude from that observed after exposure to LPS, an agent involved in endotoxic shock and other central nervous pathologies [ 3 ] . Even though this present study was limited to the study of the in vitro effects of domoic acid on three microglia mediators, namely TNF-α, MMP-9 and O 2 -, it provides the first experimental evidence to our knowledge that domoic acid, at in vitro concentrations that are toxic to neuronal cells, can trigger a limited activation of rat neonatal microglia and the concomitant release of modest though statistically significant amounts of TNF-α and MMP-9.

  • It is logical to infer that the increased susceptibility of aged individuals to rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune pathologies, may be due to increased TNF-α (and IFN-γ) production by the CD8 +CD28 -T cell.


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