Example sentences for: osteoclastogenesis

How can you use “osteoclastogenesis” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • While the RANK-RANKL signal is absolutely required for osteoclastogenesis, the efficiency of this process is influenced by cytokines.

  • The molecular signals required for osteoclastogenesis have recently been elucidated [ 1 4 5 ] . Receptor-activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL), a tumor necrosis factor superfamily ligand expressed by stromal cells, osteoblasts, and activated T cells, binds to its cognate receptor-activator of NFκB (RANK) receptor on macrophages/monocytes, inducing a signal that gradually transforms the macrophages into osteoclasts over a period of several days [ 6 7 ] . While this interaction occurs largely in the bone microenvironment, it has been shown that monocytes from the spleen, peripheral blood, and synovium are all capable of RANKL-dependent osteoclast formation [ 8 ] . Convincing evidence has been generated indicating that the RANK-RANKL interaction is absolutely required for osteoclastogenesis [ 7 ] ; in the absence of these molecules, osteoclastogenesis cannot occur [ 9 ] .

  • For cultures utilizing lower levels of RANKL and low osteoclast numbers, densitometric quantitation of TRAP was a more sensitive measure of osteoclastogenesis (Fig.

  • In contrast, Wei et al . have demonstrated that pre-osteoclasts do not lose their potential to differentiate into mature osteoclasts following a similar exposure to IL-4 [ 50 ] . It thus appears that IFN-γ anti-osteoclast activity is mediated by inducing terminal differentiation away from the osteoclast lineage, while IL-4 directly interferes with RANKL signaling during osteoclastogenesis.

  • Development of osteosclerosis and the disappearance of the marrow space in these estrogen-treated mice is an interesting and useful model since marrow stromal cells not only contain the precursors for osteogenic cell lineages, but they also exert important effects on osteoclastogenesis and lymphopoiesis, and modulate the effects of some systemic factors of bone turnover.

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