Example sentences for: acetyltransferase

How can you use “acetyltransferase” in a sentence? Here are some example sentences to help you improve your vocabulary:

  • Mesorhizobium dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase, E = 10 -3, iteration 4).

  • The transcript encoding ornithine decar-boxylase (ODC), a known androgen target that catalyzes the rate-limiting step in polyamine biosynthesis [ 26], was induced coordinately with enzymes that catalyze downstream steps in polyamine synthetic pathway (spermine synthase, spermidine/spermine N 1-acetyltransferase, and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase) (Figure 5c).

  • The available research regarding cognitive function and phytoestrogens suggests that large amounts of phytoestrogens, consumed as tofu, have an adverse influence on cognitive ability in men, where decreased brain weight, increased ventricular size and dementia have been reported [ 44 ] . In ovariectomized female rats, on the other hand, phytoestrogen treatments resulted in a dose-dependent improvement of VSM [ 45 ] . This improvement in cognitive ability in phytoestrogen treated females may be due in part to the increased presence of choline acetyltransferase messenger RNA in the frontal cortex, which has been shown to be associated with protection and enhancement of cognitive function [ 45 ] . Furthermore, we have shown that phytoestrogens significantly affect the brain calcium-binding protein calbindin (CALB), which acts as a buffer by binding intracellular calcium and plays an important role in mediating cell proliferation, programmed cell death (apoptosis), and neurotoxicity [ 48 49 50 51 52 ] . This neuroprotective mechanism via CALB appears to be important in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease [ 48 49 50 51 52 ] . Additionally, Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) seems to play an important role in mediating functional neuronal maturation and responses to certain stimuli in the brain [ 53 54 55 ] . The expression of COX-2 is associated with key pathophysiologic events in Alzheimer's disease: deposition of beta-amyloid protein in neuritic plaques within the hippocampus and cortex [ 53 54 55 ] . Of particular importance to this study is the fact that COX-2 has been shown to be influenced by steroidal hormones [ 53 54 55 ] . Therefore, the expression of COX-2 in the frontal cortex may also be hormonally regulated and relevant to cognitive decline.

  • Transient transfections of normal dermal fibroblasts were performed with 20 μg of the -353 fragment of α2(I) collagen (COL1A2) promoter linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene by the calcium phosphate/DNA coprecipitation technique as described elsewhere [ 24].

  • The transcriptional regulatory activities of Smad1 in the nucleus are associated with its ability to directly bind to DNA [ 12 ] , its interaction with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as OAZ, SIP1 and Hoxc-8 [ 13 14 15 ] , and also its interaction with the master transcriptional co-activator CBP/p300 [ 16 ] . Smad4 is an essential functional partner in Smad-regulated transcription and also interacts with CBP/p300 via a domain within the central linker region named as SAD (Smad Activation Domain) [ 13 ] . Since CBP/p300 has intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity and participates in chromatin remodeling, the recruitment of CBP/p300 into the DNA-binding complexes of Smad1 and Smad4 is likely a critical step in Smad-regulated gene activation.

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